Discover the Essentials of Heating Coils and How Does it Work

Heating coils are applied to many heating systems. They generated heating and transferred it to the surrounding environment to meet people’s requests. But many people don’t know what it is and how it works. So, we will explore what heating coils are, how they work, and their applications in different fields on this page.


What are the heating coils?


A heating coil, also known as an electric heating element, is a device that converts electrical energy into heat energy. Heating coils are commonly used in various heating applications, such as in household appliances like ovens, toasters, and electric heaters, as well as in industrial processes like heat treating, metal melting, and plastic molding.

Heating coils are typically made of a metallic material that has a high resistance to electrical currents, such as Nichrome, kanthal, or stainless steel, when an electrical current flow through the coil, the resistance of the metal generates heat, which is then transferred to the surrounding environment.

Heating coils come in a variety of shapes and sizes and can be designed to produce different levels of heat output depending on the specific application. They are generally considered to be safe and efficient, although proper installation and maintenance are important to ensure their safe and effective operation.


How does a heating coil work?


The operational principle of a heating coil relies on the conversion of electrical energy into thermal energy. The electrical resistance within the coil opposes the flow of the electric current, and this opposition yields heat. The ensuing thermal energy then disperses into the surrounding medium, elevating the temperature of the targeted area or object.


What are the types of heating coils?


Heating coils can be divided into many types. According to the structure of the product, the most prevalent classification is flowing below:

Tubular Heating Elements

Tubular heaters consist of a metal tube (usually stainless steel, aluminum, or copper) filled with an insulating material (such as magnesium oxide) and resistance wire. The resistance wire is evenly distributed inside the tube for even heating. In addition, its structure is more substantial and has better thermal conductivity, which can achieve higher operating temperatures.

It can be used in household appliances, food processing, air conditioning, and refrigeration systems, chemical and petroleum industries, and mold heating.

Cable heater

Cable heaters typically consist of one or more slender, flexible heating coils that are sheathed in an insulating material such as fiberglass, silicone rubber, etc. Cable heaters are named for their flexibility and malleability, which can be customized into different shapes and sizes according to heating needs.

It can be widely used in various scenarios, such as heat guns in the plastics industry, heating elements in electronic equipment, laboratory equipment, and food processing equipment. It can be installed on the surface of various equipment and objects and can directly contact the heated object.

Coil heater

A coil heater is a heating device, usually with a closed metal sheath (usually stainless steel or brass) that tightly encloses a resistive wire. Its main principle is to transfer heat by heating the resistance wire. Coil heaters are usually designed with resistive wire wound around a shaped support to distribute heat over the area to be heated.

They are commonly used in various industrial applications such as plastic processing, hot air stoves, electronic equipment, etc. to control and maintain a specific temperature range. Coil heaters are popular in many fields due to their high efficiency, fast heating, and precise control.

coil heater product image
coil heater product image

Open Coil Heating Elements

Open heating coils usually consist of one or more bare heating wires made of nickel, chromium, or other metals with high thermal conductivity. The heating element is exposed to the air or fluid, so the heat transfer efficiency is high, and the heating speed is fast. But the disadvantage is that the life may be shorter because the exposed heating element is susceptible to oxidation, corrosion, etc.

They are typically used where direct heating of air or fluid is required, such as air conditioners, HVAC equipment, appliances, and laboratory equipment.


The above are several types of heating coils, please click the button below to buy the heating coils you need. We can offer the best favorable discount to you.



What material does the heater coil make of?


Heating coils (heating elements) are usually composed of a range of different materials, including tubing, magnesium oxide powder, resistance wire, lead-out rods, and sealing materials. Here are some common materials for these components:

  1. Tubing. The tubing is the outer shell of the heating coil, protecting the internal elements and providing structural support. Common pipe materials are stainless steel, copper, titanium, and aluminum. Stainless steel has good heat and corrosion resistance and is suitable for many applications; copper has good thermal conductivity and is suitable for applications requiring rapid heating; titanium has excellent corrosion resistance and is suitable for corrosive environments; and aluminum with high thermal conductivity and low weight, it is suitable for designs that require lightweight.
  2. Magnesium Oxide Powder. Magnesium oxide powder is an insulating material inside the heating coil, used to fill the gap between the tubing and the resistance wire. Magnesium oxide powder can prevent current leakage and improve the thermal efficiency of the heating coil. Magnesium oxide powder with higher purity and the good insulation performance is usually selected.
  3. Resistance wire. The resistance wire is the core part of the heating coil, which generates heat when energized to heat the surrounding environment. Common resistance wire materials include nickel-chromium alloy, iron-chromium-aluminum alloy, etc. Nickel-chromium alloy has high heat resistance, oxidation resistance, and resistivity, which is suitable for high-temperature applications; Fe-chromium-aluminum alloy has a lower price, longer service life, and high thermal efficiency, and is suitable for low to medium-temperature applications.
  4. Lead-out rod. The lead-out rod is responsible for connecting the resistance wire and the external power supply and is usually made of materials with high conductivity and good heat resistance. Common lead rod materials are nickel, copper-nickel alloy, and stainless steel. Nickel has good electrical conductivity and oxidation resistance; copper-nickel alloy has high electrical conductivity and moderate heat resistance; stainless steel has a good heat resistance and corrosion resistance.
  5. Sealing material. The sealing material is used to seal the end of the heating coil to prevent liquid, gas, and impurities from entering the inside of the heating coil to ensure its performance and life.

In conclusion, heating coils are composed of various materials, and the specific material selection depends on the application, working environment, and performance requirements. When designing a heating coil, appropriate sheath material, magnesium oxide powder, resistance wire, lead-out rods, and sealing materials should be chosen based on the actual needs to ensure the performance and service life of the heating coil.


Thermal Management and Safety Considerations

Proper thermal management is crucial for the safe and efficient operation of heating coils. Some essential considerations include the following:

  1. Temperature Regulation. Utilizing temperature sensors and control systems, such as thermostats or PID controllers, ensures that the heating coil operates within safe temperature limits, preventing overheating or underheating.
  2. Heat Dissipation. The timely dissipation of heat generated by the coil is essential to avoid damaging the coil itself or the surrounding components.
  3. Safety Mechanisms. Integrating safety mechanisms, such as thermal fuses or circuit breakers, can help prevent electrical and thermal hazards, ensuring the safe operation of heating coils and their associated systems.

Where are heating coils used?


Heating coils are used in a wide range of applications and devices, both in industrial and consumer settings. Here listing some examples of heating coil usage for you.

  1. Home heating systems.
  2. Industrial heating systems.
  3. Electric cooktops.
  4. Vaporizers and e-cigarettes.
  5. Hair dryers and curling irons.
  6. Medical devices.
  7. Automotive applications.
  8. Hot runner systems.

Overall, heating coils are used in a wide range of applications where heat is required, making them an essential component in many industries and devices.

What service can Hasteco offer you?


Hasteco as a reputable heating coil seller with a long-standing presence in the industry can offer the best service, including:

  1. The highly competitive prices. Our customers enjoy the best discount solutions without compromising on quality or performance.
  2. Professional and reliable seller service. Our dedicated team of professionals is always available to assist with any inquiries, provide technical guidance, and ensure a seamless experience from purchase to installation.

Choose our heating coils for a reliable, cost-effective, and efficient solution to your heating needs. Click the button below to buy the heating coil at the best price.


Sales representive Luke


As the devoted CEO of Hasteco, I've spent countless years nurturing my passion for heating elements. Warmly inviting you to connect & collaborate for cozy, tailor-made solutions. Get in touch!

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